Health

India Child Well-being Report

Sarojitha Arokiaraj, Sapna Nair, Vigneshraja Kadirvell, Bestin Samuel

This report aims to measure child well-being as a state of being that facilitates i) Healthy Individual Development, ii) Positive Relationships and iii) Protective Contexts. The indices and the scores on child well-being have been computed using a rigorous methodology that involved normalisation and transforming negative indicators to positive indicators – a method similar to the calculation of the Human Development Index (HDI).

Nurse and Physician Reflections on the Application of a Quality Standards Training Program to Reduce Maternal Mortality

Shannon Maloney, Mohammad Siahpush, Danae Dinkel, Paraskevi A Farazi, Jithin Jose, Rohini Dutta

Low and middle income countries are characterised by high rates of maternal mortality, in spite of a rise in facility-supported births. This warrants a need to assess the quality of maternal care. The current study evaluated provider perspectives on teaching material in an evidence-based medical education session, directed at addressing common causes of maternal mortality in government hospitals in India.

To Pad or Not To Pad: Towards Better Sanitary Care for Women in Indian Slums

Supriya Garikipati, Camille Boudot

A number of programmes have recently been initiated to popularise the use of sanitary pads among women from low-income and marginalised segments, in developing countries. In this light, this article reviews prevailing menstrual practices in different contexts across India, as well as highlights initiatives undertaken to improve sanitary care.

Improving Quality of Health Care to Reduce Maternal Mortality in Kerala, India

This assessment examines the impact of a quality standards training program based on guidelines to improve on the management of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in public hospitals in Kerala.

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Engendered Access Engendered Care? Evidence from a Major Indian Hospital

Debraj Ray, Rajshri Jayaraman, Shing-Yi Wang

A central feature of many developing countries is the presence of significant gender differentials in health outcomes. Two potential factors that can account for this are that females access treatment later than males and that they receive differential care at the medical facility. This paper explores both of these in the context of eye care. The paper studies diagnostic and surgical outcomes of 60,000 patients who sought treatment over a three-month period in 2012 at the Aravind Eye Hospital in

Gender Differentials in the Seeking of Eye Care

Rajshri Jayaraman, Debraj Ray, Shing-Yi Wang

A central feature of many developing countries is the presence of significant gender differentials in health outcomes. In this working paper, authors present findings from a study on one potential factor which can account for this; namely, that females seek treatment later than males, and contrast this pathway with the hypothesis that females receive differential care at the medical facility.

Microloans, Insecticide-treated Bednets and Malaria: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Odisha

Alessandro Tarozzi, Aprajit Mahajan, Brian Blackburn, Lakshmi Krishnan, Dan Kopf, Joanne Yoong

This policy note presents findings from a study conducted in a malaria endemic part of Odisha. The study sheds light on the impact of two different distribution schemes on the adoption and usage of insecticide treated nets: free distribution and offering nets with microcredit loans. The study is the first to evaluate the impact of offering beneficiaries health-protecting goods with the ability to pay for them using microloans.

Fighting Malaria with Microfinance: A Case Study on Biswa Microfinance Utilizing Microcredit Contracts to Increase the Use of Insecticide Treated Bednets

Dan Kopf

This case study sheds light on BISWA microfinance’s pilot project in which they offered self-help group (SHG) members across 50 villages the opportunity to purchase ITNs through cash or credit contracts. The case study focuses on the process of developing the product and the challenges faced during implementation.

Informing Policy: Gender Differences in Health Outcomes

Parul Agarwal, Misha Sharma

This policy note summarises key findings from a study that attempts to examine whether there exists gender differentials in the seeking and treatment of eye care.