Financial Inclusion

Evaluating the Impact of a Farm Ponds Program

This impact assessment will examine and document the impact of Deshpande Foundation’s ‘Farm Ponds’ program.


Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning Support for CGIAR’s GENDER Platform

As part of this project, LEAD is providing technical inputs on Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning to CGIAR’s GENDER platform initiative.


Impact Evaluation of Tamil Nadu’s COVID-19 Assistance Package (CAP)

This evaluation assesses the impact of Government of Tamil Nadu’s COVID Assistance Package (CAP) on intended beneficiaries.


Assessing COVID’s Impact on the MFI Sector and Way Forward

This study examines the impact of COVID-19 and the associated lockdown in India on the operations and financial health of Microfinance Institutions.


Empowering Women Collectives Through Digital Initiatives in Chhattisgarh: The Current Landscape

LEAD at Krea University

Since 2019, the Initiative of What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE), an initiative of LEAD at Krea University, has been working with the Government of Chhattisgarh and other partners to map the current digitisation initiatives for women’s empowerment in the state, understand their effectiveness, and identify potential opportunities for improvement. This document captures IWWAGE’s efforts in understanding these digitisation initiatives, identifying gaps and barriers, and proposing potential use cases.

Accelerating Women’s Access to Entitlements through Digital Solutions

LEAD at Krea University

The Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE) is working with the Chhattisgarh Rural Livelihoods Mission and Haqdarshak Empowerment Solutions to train 5,000 self-help group members to become Haqdarshikas. This brief captures provides a snapshot of the project and the ongoing evaluation by LEAD.

The Economics and Psychology of Long-term Savings and Pensions

This study explores the behavioural mechanisms that influence decision making processes in long term savings amongst lower income households.


Digital Solutions to Unlock the Potential of SHGs and Their Federations

LEAD at Krea University

This infographic captures pathways of impact for a project with the Chhattisgarh’s State Rural Livelihoods Mission (Bihan) and key stakeholders in the ecosystem which seeks to better understand and test how digital solutions can enable SHGs to promote women’s social and economic empowerment.

Access to Affordable Daycare and Women’s Economic Opportunities: Evidence from a Cluster-Randomised Intervention in India

Parul Agarwal, Anoushaka Chandrashekar, Sam Harper

In this paper, the authors used data from a cluster-randomized trial in rural Rajasthan, India to evaluate the impact of providing access to a community-based daycare program on women’s economic outcomes two years later. The sample included 2858 mothers with age-eligible children. Providing access to daycare led 43% of households to utilize them. The intervention reduced time on childcare by 16 minutes/day and increased the probabilities that women were paid in cash and spent time during the prior day on

Can Workforce Serve as a Substitute for Weather Insurance? The Case of NREGA in Andhra Pradesh

This study examines whether workfare programs, such as NREGA, can provide coping mechanisms for low-income households, by stabilising income generation during economic shocks caused by weather risks.