Established under the Government of India’s Digital India programme, Common Service Centres (CSCs) are local access points for the delivery of essential public utility services, social welfare schemes, and other B2C services to citizens in rural and remote areas of the country. As part of an ongoing study of an agent-based model (Haqdarshak) for delivering access to welfare schemes in Chhattisgarh, we surveyed 115 CSC operators to understand how agents interface with CSCs, and promotional activities undertaken by operators to
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Sampurna Basu, Abinaya Rengarajan
This qualitative study documents gender-specific barriers faced by women entrepreneurs and how their interactions with the ecosystem affect their business decisions and outcomes.
As the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic gripped India and the world in early March 2021, discussions about vaccination inequities, and reopening schools and public spaces caught our attention once again. Social media, particularly the Twitterverse, was inundated with debates between epidemiologists, public health experts, economists, and armchair experts. Emily Oster, an economist at Brown University, and a strong advocate for using data to guide the decision of reopening schools in the US, found herself in the middle of
In the past year, India has been weathering unprecedented health, social and economic adversities caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Disrupted supply chains, poor access to finance and markets, and consumers’ limited propensity to spend have revealed the fault lines in India’s 6.3 million-strong enterprise ecosystem. Despite various government relief efforts to provide collateral free-loans, refinancing packages and working capital support, businesses that operate on low margins continue to suffer due to social distancing restrictions, labour shortages, inadequate demand and rising
Business correspondents (BCs) play an essential role in advancing financial inclusion and bringing financial services and products to unbanked and underbanked populations. RBI clearly recognizes and supports their role as stated in its financial inclusion strategy for 2020-2024 as well as numerous policies that have been passed with the intent to strengthen, expand, and support the BC model. This policy note, however, argues that two key taxation issues are hindering the sustainability and attractiveness of the BC model – the application
LEAD at Krea University
Systematic reviews have gained momentum as a key method of evidence synthesis in global development research in recent times. As defined in the Cochrane Handbook on Systematic reviews “Systematic reviews seek to collate evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria in order to answer a specific research question. They aim to minimize bias by using explicit, systematic methods documented in advance with a protocol.” This document provides guidelines and recommendations for conducting mixed- method systematic reviews for evidence synthesis for “gender
LEAD at Krea University
The 2007-2008 global food-price crisis disproportionately affected women, particularly smallholder women farmers. The subsequent responses by governments, multilateral agencies and other institutions over the last decade do not seem to have had the intended effect of addressing underlying power imbalances in agriculture and food systems. Closing the knowledge gaps in gender and agriculture and food systems is a crucial step towards creating equitable food systems. This report presents a broader landscape of evidence across eleven identified themes in gender in
The socioeconomic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic has derailed progress toward gender equality globally. Studies from around the world reveal that women and girls are increasingly more likely to face poverty, economic insecurity, gender-based violence, and barriers to accessing critical health services.
LEAD at Krea Universiry
Introducing our new feature series ‘Point of View’, where we speak with experts from different sectors to unpack some of the complex development challenges that they are working on and learn from their experiences. LEAD has been working in the MSME space for over a decade and a half – looking at questions such as why are small businesses stuck in low productivity traps, and what kind of interventions can help them access capital, technology and build skills in new