The adoption of the human right to water and sanitation by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly in July 2010 helped ensure that a human rights perspective is integrated into the design and delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene programming. Global experiences, however, suggest that it has been difficult to fulfil the right to sanitation and uphold equality and non-discrimination as foundational principles of human rights law. In regions where sanitation gaps are highest, severe disparities in access
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The COVID-19 outbreak has had severe repercussions across the economy, particularly on micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and their workforce. There is a dearth of literature on the impact of acute crises on microenterprises, and this lack of information is compounded in times of uncertainty. This background paper for the Centre for Sustainable Employment’s State of Working India Report 2021 discusses the impact of the government-mandated lockdown on employment trends in the microenterprise sector in India. The data used
LEAD at Krea University
Government entitlements are often the primary source of social protection for poor households. As part of our IWWAGE initiative, we are collaborating with Haqdarshak Empowerment Solutions Private Limited (HESPL) and the Chhattisgarh State Livelihoods Mission (Bihan) to test a tech-enabled platform for promoting access to government entitlements in the state. As part of the intervention, Self-help group (SHG) members are trained to use the mobile application Haqdarshak and assist citizens in their communities to apply for government benefits, in return
Mridulya Narasimhan, Sanjana Vijay
This brief highlights the key challenges in promoting women entrepreneurship in India, including social norms and biases, lack of education, unequal opportunities for affordable financing, and limited networking opportunities. It also outlines recommendations to address these social, economic and technological constraints.
Executive Director Sharon Buteau was a panellist in a webinar on ‘Financing for MSMEs’, organised by the Global Alliance for Mass Entrepreneurship India (G.A.M.E India). Speakers included: Nat Mallupillai – Director, Michael and Susan Dell Foundation India, LLP; Sanjay Thakur – Senior Banker and SME Evangelist; Ashwin Chandrashekar – Vice President of G.A.M.E India (moderator) The webinar was broadcasted on Facebook Live. The panel discussed strategies for enabling a formal credit line for MSMEs, and the challenges faced by NBFCs
Rahul Muralidharan, Arjun Malhotra, Soumyajit Bhar, Divyanshi Vohra, Vivek Venkataramani
This note outlines barriers to the access and utilisation of climate finance in India, drawing on desk review and discussions held during a webinar “The Landscape of Climate Finance in India: Issues with Access and Utilisation” organised by LEAD in collaboration with the Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation. The note throws light on potential strategies for financing climate action as well as the role of private-public partnerships in redesigning action plans.
Anoushaka Chandrashekar, Raka De
“Living in a tier-2 city in the state of Rajasthan in India, I had to take half a day off from work to apply for an Aadhaar card. I had to travel to the Aadhaar center, which was about 7kms away, stand in line for one hour for my turn to come, only to realize that the machine was not accepting my iris scan. The three officials at the center could not figure out the problem, after struggling for 20
A significant majority of enterprises led by women in India operate at a subsistence level, with weak access to formal finance, mentoring and skilling support, and poor market linkages. In the wake of COVID-19, these enterprises have been disproportionately affected by economic uncertainty and instability. These enterprises have also demonstrated their spirit of resilience and ability to innovate, by supporting community-building efforts and adapting to market changes. Despite these noteworthy contributions, women-led enterprises are vulnerable to economic shocks and at