But there is more to livelihood than just eating, living and protecting oneself. After all the term does consist of “live” and “to live” is not the same as “to survive”. A person may catch fish but if he is not able to sell it then he cannot “live” from this activity. He might survive with what he has in his reach but that is his neural network forcing him to survive. In order to live he must derive the satisfaction from the activity and a fisherman can derive this satisfaction only when he gets a reasonable price for the fish he has caught. Thus livelihood also means an individual’s access to opportunity.
It was initially suggested that if rural people are poor we should provide them with monetary help or subsidies in kind or wealth to give them a better chance in the world. However the widely practiced form of this assistance could not work largely due to absence of collateral and illiteracy that plagues rural India and countries similar to it.