Institutions

From Outlays To Outcomes: Getting Development From Development Expenditure

On August 25th 2009, Accountability Initiative, Centre for Policy Research and Centre for Development Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research organized a conference entitled: “From Outlays to Outcomes: Getting Development from Development Expenditures”. The conference aimed to create a meaningful dialogue on the processes and mechanisms for strengthening transparency and accountability in the implementation of social sector programs in India by drawing together eminent policy‐makers, practitioners, civil society activists and academics, in a day‐long meeting. The conference provided a

Advocacy-oriented Strategy: Background Thoughts for ICICI Foundation

Joanne Sprague

This background note provides a high-level overview of the basics of advocacy, why it is important, and how best-in-class organizations approach the topic. Its secondary objective is to showcase various options for structuring an advocacy-oriented organization backed up by programming, to initiate a discussion on what model would best suit the ICICI Foundation to most effectively accomplish both its project and advocacy goals.

User Innovation & e-Governance Design

Jessica Wallack, Srikanth Nadhamuni

This paper provides an analytical case study of an Indian NGO’s efforts to engage city government officials in developing and refining an e-governance system for tracking public grievances and city performance in redressing these. It is a draft of a paper that will be forthcoming as part of an edited volume on Hidden Success: Institutional Reform In Urban India, edited by Professor Bish Sanyal (MIT).

A Closer Look at Consolidation: The Sonata-Jeevika Acquisition

Akhand Tiwari, Michael Chasnow

This case study takes an in-depth look at the first acquisition in Indian microfinance, Sonata Finance’s purchase of Jeevika Livelihood Support Organisation’s entire microfinance operations in August 2007. The insights presented in the case study will be useful for microfinance practitioners, investors and other stakeholders.

Environmental Sustainability Index for Indian States: Informing Environmental Action

Rupanwita Dash

The Environmental sustainability index tracks the environment performance of 28 states of India and projects the ability of the states to protect their environment in the coming years. Collating secondary data from published and credible sources, ESI measures the state of environment along multiple dimensions, aggregates it into a single index that is interpretable and comparable across all the states.

India’s Parliament as a Representative Institution

Jessica Wallack

This article looks at the institutional framework for parliamentary debate in India in comparative perspective. Participation in debate and policymaking is fundamental to representation, yet most of India’s representatives have limited resources and opportunities to do so in comparison to members of parliament around the world.

Management Information Systems in Indian Microfinance

Doug Johnson

A high quality management information system (MIS) is a key component of any high performing microfinance institution (MFI). Information systems allow MFIs to reduce time spent on rote paperwork, effectively monitor both staff and clients, and quickly roll out new products and services. This note presents insights from an independent survey conducted by CMF. The survey reveals that many Indian MFIs, despite being located in a country with readily available IT talent, have very low-quality information systems.

DNA Typing: A Technology of Fear

Sujatha Byravan

The expansion of DNA databases in the United States, Europe and a few other countries to include not just convicted felons but arrestees, who might be innocent, raises a number of civil rights concerns. Sujatha Byravan explores how the use of DNA typing in forensics and immigration, given the current climate of fear, in the quest for a safer world, could legitimize discrimination and give rise to a new apartheid.

Sea Level Rise: Impact on Major Infrastructure, Ecosystems and Land Along the Tamil Nadu Coast

Sujatha Byravan, Sudhir Chella Rajan, Rajesh Rangarajan

This report concentrates on the impacts of sea level rise on coastal infrastructure, ecosystem and land in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It aims to highlight the financial implications of sea level rise on existing and proposed infrastructure along the Tamil Nadu coast and to provide thereby an “early warning” of the implications of indiscriminate development close to the shoreline.