Atlas of Household Energy Consumption and Expenditure in India

Research Team: Mohit Sharma, David Fuente, Rich Woodbridge
LEAD Centre: Centre for Development Finance ( CDF)
Focus Area: Environment and Climate Change
Project Geography: Across India
Partner: CDF internal poject
Status: Completed


We at the Centre for Development Finance-IFMR are proud to introduce the Energy Atlas – the first interactive online resource, complete with explanatory report, which allows investors, entrepreneurs and policy makers to quickly access and explore household fuel consumption and expenditure data across India’s 28 states and the urban-rural divide. The Atlas fills an acknowledged gap by providing access to clean development data on household energy consumption and expenditure.

India’s impressive economic growth has spurred a story of urgent energy demand and need for greater energy inclusion. According to the International Energy Association, over 400 million people in India (36% of the total population) still live without reliable electricity. Over 725 million (70%) rely on biomass cooking fuels like cow dung, wood and farm waste. Against this backdrop, new renewable energy technologies, products, and services have surged to meet the growing energy demands of poor households at the Base of the Pyramid (BoP). However, much remains unknown about rural BoP end users.

The Energy Atlas presents national and state-level household fuel consumption and expenditure data from the National Sample Survey 61st Round (2004-05) in an accessible manner. Beginning as an internal project to unlock insights into India’s clean energy market, this publicly available atlas is the result of over one year of statistics and design work by a team of dedicated researchers in our Rural Market Insight group. The Energy Atlas aims to provide a clear and objective presentation of household-level fuel consumption. We hope it becomes the go-to platform for users to interrogate and interpret the data so they may identify relevant patterns, trends, and insights that are most critical to their work.

Please take a few minutes to check out the website and let us know what you think. We appreciate any feedback from you to make this website better

Related Resources
REPORT – Energy Atlas Publication