Impact Assessment of a Drip Irrigation Programme in Gujarat

Research Team: Kadambari Anantram, V. Shivaranjani, Radhika Sundaresan
LEAD Centre: Centre for Development Finance (CDF)
Focus Area: Environment & Climate Change
Project Geography: Gir Somnath district, Gujarat
Partner: Ambuja Cement Foundation
Status: Ongoing

Background:

Integrated water resource management practices are vital to sustain groundwater resources, agriculture and allied livelihood activities, as well as cater to household needs in the rural economy. However, access to a continuous supply of water remains a key constraint for farmers in several parts of India. To address this issue, Ambuja Cement Foundation has launched a water resource management programme, which lays emphasis on sustainability through community action, and involves rain water harvesting, conservation and bringing about an attitudinal change among communities. The programme focuses on creating necessary infrastructure for water conservation, such as check dams and roof rain water harvesting structures, and irrigation methods such as drip and sprinkler irrigation.

The Study

Several assessments of the drip method of irrigation (DMI) indicate that the method can induce significant water savings, which in turn lead to intensification of agriculture and loss of aquifer recharge. While environmental and agricultural productivity benefits have been studied, there is a need to better understand factors affecting adoption of drip irrigation, and evidence on the socio-economic benefits from adoption. This study analyses the impact of Ambuja Cement Foundation’s drip irrigation programme on agriculture, livelihood and socio-economic domains in selected villages in coastal Gujarat. It covers the following villages: Una, Kodinar, Sutrapada and Veraval tehsils in the Gir Somnath district. With this in view, this study conducts an analysis of impacts of micro-irrigation on water resources, agriculture and farmers. It covers 13 beneficiary villages and 7 control villages in the above tehsils.