Research Team: Koyel Mandal, Chayan Bandyopadhyay, Shivaranjani.V, Sunanda Rathi
LEAD Centre: Centre for Development Finance (CDF)
Focus Area: Environment & Climate Change
Project Geography: India
Partner: Friedrich Naumann Foundation


Greater yield increases are needed in developing countries to achieve food security in the face of population growth, and sustain the livelihoods of millions of people who depend on agriculture, without further compromising environmental integrity. The potential to further improve yields will rely increasingly on technologies for the efficient use of inputs that could be implemented on hundreds of millions of small farms in developing countries. While inputs such as nitrogen fertilizers, new traits, varieties and crops will play an important role, the range of relevant practice and technologies is much broader than this, including water management, production practices, information and forecasting, and insurance. In this project, we identify some of the more promising practices and technologies that have the potential to transform agriculture, especially on small holding farms in India, to a low carbon and climate resilient path while maintaining or increasing yields. Identification and development of such technologies and practices is, of course, the first step toward achieving this goal. There are a number of barriers in the diffusion, access and use of such technologies. These range from policy and institutional barriers to issues of awareness, knowledge and access to finance. This project also analyzes these issues and potential remedies to overcome them. The first phase of the project will involve a review of the literature and interviews with various stakeholders, while the second phase will involve program design and evaluation at the farm level.